Urban development in Gurgaon occurs jointly through the government and private sector. This model facilitates faster and better-organized urban growth due to the greater availability of financial resources. While the government urban agency, the Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA), is mostly responsible for the overall development of the town (including infrastructure, waste and water management) along with the Town and Country Planning Office (TCPO), it provides licences to private developers who have acquired land within the stipulated Master Plan area. In other words, the private ‘colonizer’ purchases land from the open market and procures licences for developing it from HUDA. The private developers then construct buildings according to their own designs within a specified buildings regulatory framework. More than 45 private players are involved in Gurgaon’s property market, but three, DLF, Ansal, and Unitech, have the lion’s share. Together, these three private players own the majority of the land under the colonizers.

Besides HUDA and TCPO, the other two government stakeholders in this urbanization process are the Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC) and the Housing Board, Haryana. The HSIDC is responsible for the development of Gurgaon’s industrial sectors and the Housing Board constructs houses for allotment to the public in accordance with the guidelines issued by the state government and emphasizes providing shelter to socially and economically weaker sections of society.

The Haryana Power Utilities (formerly known as the Haryana State Electricity Board) is responsible for electricity generation, transmission, and distribution in Haryana.

  Urban development and building design and construction
Haryana Urban Development Agency (HUDA)

Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO)
Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC)
The Housing Board, Haryana
Private developers (DLF Universal Limited, Ansal Properties and Industries Limited,
Unitech Limited)



Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitaran Nigam
Haryana State Energy Development Agency (HAREDA)



Waste and water
Key stakeholders in water and waste management


Haryana Urban Development Agency (HUDA)
  The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA), a statutory body of the Haryana Government, was constituted under the Haryana Urban Development Authority Act, 1977. The main functions of HUDA are:
To promote and secure development of urban areas with the power to acquire, sell and dispose of property, both movable and immovable;
  To acquire, develop and dispose land for residential, industrial and commercial purposes;
  To make available developed land to the Haryana Housing Board and other bodies for providing houses to economically weaker sections of the society; and,
  To undertake building work.

HUDA’s land, including that for plotted colonies, group housing, commercial, and industrial zones is distributed throughout the town, with industrial areas lying in the western and eastern portions.



  Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO)
  The Town and Country Planning Organisation department defines and publishes the final development plan of Gurgaon along with restrictions and conditions applicable to controlled areas covered by it. The TCPO is also responsible for granting licences to private colonizers for undertaking development in the state of Haryana, including Gurgaon. It also issues guidelines to private developers for planned development and enforces the Town Planning Act and rules which define building bye-laws/regulations for private developers.


Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC)
  Established in 1967, HSIDC is a public limited company wholly owned by the Government of Haryana, set up to promote and accelerate the pace of industrialization there. The corporation provides a wide spectrum of financial services under one roof, on the principle of ‘total financial support’ for its clientele.

The prime mission and objectives of HSIDC are:
Identification and promotion of large and medium scale industries in the public/joint/assisted sector.
Providing financial assistance by way of term loans, equipment re-finance/equipment leasing and working capital.
Infrastructural development in Haryana.
Performing agency functions on behalf of the state government/ IDBI/SIDBI
Performing agency functions for entrepreneurs and established industries for enhancement of capacity/modernization.
Providing merchant banking services.



The Housing Board, Haryana
  The Housing Board, Haryana came into existence during the year 1971 in pursuance of the Haryana Housing Board Act (Act No. 20 of 1971). The main objective of the Board is to construct houses for allotment to the public in accordance with the guidelines issued by the state government and the prescribed procedure. The emphasis is on constructing houses for socially and economically weaker sections of society. At the apex level, there is a board of members appointed by the state government under Section 3 of the Act headed by a chairman. The Board so set up decides all policy matters and the chief administrator is its chief executive. The Board has set up construction divisions, design cells, etc., for carrying out its activities.


Private developers (DLF Universal Limited, Ansal Properties and Industries Limited, Unitech Limited)
  www.dlf-group.com, www.ansalpropertiesltd.com, www.unitech-limited.com
  Ansal’s, Unitech and DLF hold most of the land under HUDA. Of these three developers, DLF is the largest and also the oldest, while Unitech is the newest. In the basic layout of Gurgaon’s urban area, DLF occupies most of the south east of the town, Unitech’s areas are in the centre and the south western corner, and Ansal owns land in the extreme north, extreme south, with one colony in the south east, just west of DLF Phase IV. The names of the areas developed by the major private developers are given in the table below:

Name of the Colony
DLF Phases I-V
Ansals Palam Vihar, Sushant Lok (I, II and III)
Unitech Greenwood City, South City (I and II and phases)


Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitaran Nigam Limited
  The Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitaran Nigam Limited is the primary electricity distribution company in the urban area of Gurgaon.


Haryana State Energy Development Agency (HAREDA)
  HAREDA is a state government undertaking in Haryana and has the following key objectives:
  To formulate and implement policies and plans and assist the State Government and Government of India in the efforts to develop, promote and diffuse Non-conventional and New and Renewable Sources of Energy (NRSE) and technologies as also to promote energy conservation measures and solve problems arising from the depletion of conventional sources of energy and pollution caused by their existing use thereby promoting cleaner energy technologies.
  To prepare a Master Plan for the entire state for utilising all viable forms of non-conventional/alternate sources of energy and energy conservation/efficiency improvement.
  To advise the state government, central government, panchayats, municipalities, notified area committees and other local bodies, semi government agencies, other development agencies in the state or elsewhere in all matters pertaining to non-conventional/alternate sources of energy and energy conservation/efficiency improvement.
  To open publicity-cum-information centres, sales depots and warehouses at suitable places to participate in exhibitions, fairs, etc. for the promotion of non-conventional/alternate sources of energy and energy conservation/efficiency improvement.
  To liaise, cooperate and affiliate as and when necessary with universities, R&D centres, other similar institutions, agencies, associations or bodies in India and/or abroad for the attainment of the above objectives.
  To implement the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.

The Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency is headed by the Director, Department of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Haryana. He reports to the Board of Directors of HAREDA that has 15 members consisting of the heads of various development departments.

The agency has a core team of 22 dedicated personnel who work in three divisions, accounts, administration, and technical of the agency. HAREDA has a head office in Chandigarh as well as district level branch offices. In the Gurgaon region, the office is located on the premises of the Aditya Solar Shop. The present activities of HAREDA are concentrated on the following sectors:

Solar water heating scheme
Solar cookers (box and concentrating type)
Solar showrooms (Aditya Solar Shop)
Solar passive/energy efficient architecture
Non-conventional energy R&D
SPV systems for home lighting, street lighting, water pumping, and lanterns
Biomass gasification programme
Implementation of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
Generation of power from non-conventional energy sources such as solar, wind, hydel, and bagasse
Electrification of huts.

Besides implementing schemes of the MNES, HAREDA has also initiated a project on renewable energy power development in collaboration with the Energy Research Foundation (ECN) of the Netherlands and the World Bank at an outlay of Rs 149.3 million. HAREDA has also initiated a UNDP-GEF (United Nations Development Program-Global Environment Facility) assisted solar energy project for increasing the market acceptability of solar thermal technology for meeting low and medium grade energy requirements.



Key stakeholders in water and waste management

HUDA is responsible for the supply and distribution of water in Gurgaon. A 70 km water channel from Sonepat to Gurgaon has been constructed which is designed to supply 100 MGD treated water capable of serving a population of 1.6 million. However the distribution system is still under implementation and this has resulted in tapping of ground water reserves by the residents and developers.

No single body in Gurgaon is responsible for waste collection in both the town and city areas. While HUDA takes care of the collection and disposal of wastes in the HUDA’s sectors (city), the sanitary department of the Municipal Council is responsible for the overall management of solid wastes in Gurgaon Town. For management of waste in its 16 sectors, HUDA has about 100 community bins about 250 m apart. It has three refuse collectors making six trips daily to the disposal site. Although HUDA is not responsible for door-door collection of waste, it has about 300 sweepers to collect waste from the streets.

The major private developers – DLF, Unitech, and Ansal – have their own arrangements for collecting wastes from households. The resident’s welfare associations in these colonies have initiated this arrangement with the contractors who dispose the waste in open areas of land nearby (usually not more than 2-3- km from the colony), and/or dumping yards using trolleys or rickshaws. Sewerage treatment is also under the purview of the HUDA and a master sewerage scheme is under implementation.